APD | 20th CPC CONGRESS: The New Chinese Expedition Aiming at the New Successful Centenary



Author: Fabian Pizarro, Chilean journalist

The Sunday ended one of the most important weeks of Chinese politics in recent times, we met first-hand the leaders who will be in charge of the largest party in China and the world: The Communist Party of China (CPC). Xi is consolidated as the absolute guide for the more than 1.4 billion Chinese and is projected as one of the most important figures of the next five years. Relevant internally, but also worldwide. Today more than ever the saying "If China catches a cold, we all get the flu" is relevant to illustrate the importance of the Asian country in all our countries.

At the 20th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, Xi succeeded in uniting and directing the Party's policies towards a common good, raising the great banner of socialism with Chinese characteristics, adhering to Marxism-Leninism, Mao Zedong thought, the theory of Deng Xiaiping, to the important thought of the triple representativeness and to the scientific conception of development. The support of the 2,296 delegates was absolute at the time of confirming the "Report of the 19th Congress", which allowed him to be confirmed as Secretary General of the CPC Central Committee, which is added to his position as head of state and president of the Central Military Commission.

This Sunday, the Chinese president appeared in the "Golden Hall" of the Great Hall of the People in Beijing along with other members of the Politburo Standing Committee, the highest decision-making body in the CPC.

As is customary in this ceremony, the new Secretary General publicly presented the new members of the Politburo Standing Committee who will accompany him during this new mandate:

• Li Qiang

• Zhao Leji

• Wang Huning

• Cai Qi

• Ding Xuexiang

• Li Xi

In his speech he said that "the Communist Party of China had succeeded in establishing a prosperous moderate society and would now take confident steps on a new journey to create a modern socialist China." Xi also shed light on what the economic relationship with the world will be like, especially now that there are fears that the country is closing itself off from the world economy: "China cannot develop without the world and the world also needs China," he said.

"After more than 40 years of unremitting efforts towards reform and opening up, we have created two miracles: rapid economic development and long-term social stability," he added.

Xi: "build a strong army in the new era."

The work that was discussed and finally approved by the almost 2,300 delegates maintains that "considering the security of the people as a purpose, political security as a foundation, economic security as a basis, military, scientific-technological, cultural and social security as a guarantee and the promotion of international security as support, we must carry out joint planning contemplated for external and internal security, for territory and citizenship, for conventional and non-conventional, and for individual and collective, and also of preserving and forging national security.

In his inaugural speech, Xi Jinping called for bolstering China's military dominance by building a world-class army. A large part of his speech focused on national security, on the need for the country to be prepared for a possible food and energy crisis, and on improving the nation's ability to react to possible catastrophes. These points are of vital importance for China, which is why they are emphasized in the official documents that emerged from the sessions of the Congress.

Xi is clear about it, in the face of a turbulent and unstable world situation, China must be prepared to first defend its sovereignty, but also a set of state institutions and entities that are key to the functioning of the country. It is not about arming and preparing for war, the Secretary General said in his speech that "We must strengthen our sense of difficulty and be prepared for danger in times of peace", that is why he stressed that "We must be alert for days of rain, be ready to face high winds and waves, secure supply chains and improve the capacity to face catastrophes, as well as protect personal information.”

The Congress stresses that the guideline of "one country, two systems", a great pioneering initiative of socialism with Chinese characteristics and the best institutional arrangement to maintain lasting prosperity and stability in Hong Kong and Macao after their return, must be upheld with long-term firmness. Worse their eyes are on the Taiwan question and the constant harassment of small separatist groups and the notable intervention of the US. Nancy Pelosi's last visit to Taiwan stirred up the waters and made China respond firmly, in fact President Xi said it very clearly: “Resolving the Taiwan question is a Chinese issue, an issue that should be resolved by the Chinese”, adding that “We will continue to fight for peaceful reunification with the utmost sincerity and maximum effort, but we will never promise to refrain from the use of force, and we reserve the option to take all necessary measures.” It was welcomed as a declaration of something that was always known in terms of defending the country's sovereignty.

Reactions from Latin America

In Latin America in general, and in Chile in particular, the CPC national congress was followed with great interest and attention. We know the important decisions that are made there and we are aware that they have a strong impact on our countries, especially those that have to do with economic, diplomatic and strategic geopolitical issues.

In Chile, the most important media gave extensive coverage to the seven-day congress, widely highlighting the re-election of Secretary General Xi Jinping as the party's top leader. In political and commercial circles, they welcome the fact that Xi remains in command of the CPC, because it ensures continuity to the agenda drawn up for 10 years.

The Chinese leader emphasized in his speech that his country will promote what he calls "the promotion of high standard opening" which implies firmly expanding institutional opening in terms of rules, regulations, management and standards. "Likewise, efforts will be made to speed up China's transformation into a strong trading country, promote the high-quality development of the Belt and Road Initiative, as well as preserve the diversity and stability of the international economic landscape and economic and commercial relations” referring to the aforementioned strategy of multilateral relations, which from this side of the world we see with good eyes and hope, many Latin countries will continue to be commercial partners of China and it is estimated that these exchanges will be more frequent and volume .

We celebrate and look forward to the future of China, we see a clear plan for the future with an agenda full of challenges, work to be done and goals to achieve, which we are sure will be achieved. China has shown in its more than five thousand years of history that it has the capacity, resilience and perseverance to achieve its goals. Proof of this is these more than 100 years where the CPC has been in command of the nation and it has been prosperous and overwhelming.